Kiribati: An Overview

Kiribati, formally the Republic of Kiribati, is a country located in the Pacific Ocean. It is 3,500,000 square kilometres (1.351 million square miles), scattered in 32 islands (Atoll) and is an elevated coral island. Equator is extended to the east from the International Date Line pass. The common language "Gilberts" is originated from the Gilbert Islands. Kiribati in 1979 Britain was free.

The territory has an east-west extent of 4835 km ( air line from the westernmost island of Banaba to the easternmost island in the Caroline Atoll ) and a north-south extent of 1973 km (air line from the northernmost island Teraina ( Washington, Iceland ) to the southernmost island of Flint Iceland).

The population of Kiribati is ethnically very homogeneous. Nearly 99% are Micronesians. In addition, live 0.8% 0.2% Polynesians and Europeans in Kiribati.

Kiribati was officially divided into districts before independence. The country is now separated into three island groups. They are: Gilbert Islands, Phoenix Islands, and Line Islands. The original districts were: Tarawa Atoll, Banaba, Central Gilbert Island, Northern Gilbert Islands, Southern Gilbert Islands and Line Islands.

Most of the country's population lives the Gilbert Islands.

Culture and Lifestyle of Kiribati
From the 6th to 15 Age is a nine-year compulsory education, where school attendance is free. Churches support lot of primary schools and ten of the thirteen secondary schools.

The University of the South Pacific (USP) in Bairiki maintains a branch office since 1976; the 2006 USP Kiribati Campus has now with about 3,000 students enrolled which is more than before. Seat since 1978 is the place on Bairiki.

The Bairiki National Stadium is the single sports stadium of Kiribati and is situated on the island.

The Kiribati population has a life span of 60 years that is men 57, women 63 and an infant mortality is of 54 deaths on 1000 live births. Tuberculosis is widespread in the country. The government announced in 2006 268 U.S. dollars purchasing power parity per capita. In the phase from 1990 to 2007 there were 268 doctors per 100,000 people. After the arrival of doctors, the infant death rate is now reduced significantly.

Mode of transport in Kiribati
Kiribati road network has a length of 670 km. The main ports are on the island of Betio and Bikenibeu Bonriki (both are islands of Tarawa atoll). Bonriki has the international airport named Bonriki International Airport.