Latvia : An Overview

Latvia is bordered by Belarus, Lithuania, Russia and Estonia. It is an undersized country size and the total area is 64 589 sq km and with population of 2, 23,150 as recorded in 2009.

Latvian-born citizens are 60% of the total population and just about 30% are of Russian origin. The language used in Latvia is called Latvian, which is a Baltic language family. Here is the official currency is Lats.

Latvia consists mainly of the four historic regions of Courland in the West, Livonia in the northeast, Semgallen as a fine band between the Western Dvina and the Lithuanian border and Latgale in the southeast. It is mostly a forested moraine -hills with numerous lakesand a long, slightly indented coastal plain. The longest rivers of Latvia, the Daugava and the Gauja.

Culture and society
Latvia is culturally influenced, especially Northern European. Also, the current Latvian culture has many ties to Sweden and Finland, but especially for the North German culture.

Latvia is particularly known for its folk culture of the ancient Latvian religion play a central role.

In Latvia, five appear nationally distributed daily newspapers, the percentage of newspaper readers is 135 readers per 1000 population.

As a Latvian national sport is hockey. As a first national sporting event was the World Ice Hockey Championship 2006 in Riga. Besides hockey is basketball popular as football, especially the national team is only since the first European Championship qualifier in 2004 greater attention.

Infrastructure
  • Rail
    The railway company is currently the sole rail operator. It operates on market principles and focuses on the transport of goods. The passenger rail loses in importance for years.

  • Bus
    The bus network is tighter than the Latvian railway network. It has numerous bus lines and long-distance buses to neighbouring countries. The main international bus operators are € Lines, and Ecolines Nordeka.

  • Air traffic
    Main airline is Air Baltic and flies in Russia and the former CIS countries. It has its headquarters at Riga airport.

  • Road
    The road network is organized in three stages:
    1. The main thoroughfares are 15 state primary roads A1 TO A15.

    2. Between and within the administrative districts of Latvia lost 133 state roads first Order P1 to P133 and

    3. Other roads as state highways second Order (VI to V1489)
  • Ship traffic
    The most important seaports are in Liepaja, Riga and Ventspils. From here, Russian oil is shipped. Ferry connections are established to Denmark, Sweden and Germany.


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