United States Minor Outlying Islands: An Overview

The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a geometric description defined by the International Organization for Standardization's ISO 3166-1 code, comprises of 9 United States insular areas lying in the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. They are: Baker Island, Navassa Island, Kingman Reef, Johnston Atoll, Jarvis Island, Midway Islands, Howland Island, Palmyra Atoll and Wake Island. The Caribbean provinces of Serranilla and Bajo Nuevo Bank are also occasionally included by the U.S. government, but it's asserts are undecided by other countries.

Among the nine insular areas, Palmyra Atoll is the integrated province. None of the islands have any stable population. The human inhabitants consist of momentarily stationed scientific and military workforce. There were 315 people found on Johnston Atoll and Wake Island had 1 person in 2000 census. There have been no current native inhabitants.

The islands are clustered together as a geometric ease. They are not managed together, nor do they contribute to a single intellectual or political history except being unpopulated islands.

The ISO initiated the term "United States Minor Outlying Islands" in 1986. Five islands namely Baker Island, Howland Island, Palmyra Atoll, Jarvis Island and Kingman Reef were clustered under the name United States Miscellaneous Pacific Islands, having ISO 3166 code PU from 1974 to 1986. The codes of Wake Island, Johnston Atoll, and Midway Atoll were WK, JT, MI respectively.

The Pacific islands are bordered by large Exclusive Economic Zones.

Airports on United States Minor Outlying Islands
  • The airports listing with ICAO (IATA) codes and islands on which they are to be found are:
  • PJON (JON) named as Johnston Atoll Airport on Johnston Atoll
  • PMDY (MDY) named as Henderson Field (Naval Air Facility) on Sand Island
  • PWAK (AWK) named as Wake Island Airfield on Wake Island
  • PBAR named as Baker Island Airport on Baker Island
  • PLUR named as Jarvis Airport on Jarvis Island
Other airports are
  • Kamakaiwi Field on Howland Island
  • Kingman Reef
Ports on United States Minor Outlying Islands
Three ports with World Port Number are listed with the islands:
  • 56325 JOHNSTON ATOLLS on Johnston Atoll
  • 56328 MIDWAY ISLAND on Midway Atoll
  • 56330 WAKE ISLAND on Wake Island
  • WEST LAGOON on Palmyra Atoll
Jarvis Island, Baker Island and Howland Island have an undersized boat landing place on each. Kingman Reef and Navassa Island have offshore port only.