Uzbekistan: The Overview

Uzbekistan is a small landlocked country in heart of Central Asia. Neighbouring countries are in western and northern Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan to the east, southeast and Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Turkmenistan to the south. In the west of the country the land Borders on the Aral Sea. The ruling government of landlocked Uzbekistan was formed in 1924 as the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, part of the whole Soviet Union and became independent in 1991. The name of the country derives from the people of Uzbekistan from the Uzbeks, whose name goes back again to Uzbek Khan. Uzbekistan has an area of ??447.2 thousand km and is located in the heart middle of Central Asia. Uzbekistan along with Liechtenstein is the only landlocked countries of the earth, which in turn are surrounded only by landlocked countries. It must be at least two cross state borders to get into a state with access to an open sea. Uzbekistan is the extent of about 1425 km west to the east and from the north to south about 930 km. The country extends between the 37th and 46th north latitude, and between the 56th and 73 eastern longitudes.

Religions of Uzbekistan
Approximately 76% of the total population of the country are Sunni Muslims, about 8% Russian Orthodox. In addition, there are Shiite Muslims and some members of other Christian confessions in Uzbekistan and Jews, Buddhists, followers of the Baha'i faith and followers of the teachings of Krishna. Although Constitution of this country guarantees religious freedom, individual Christians and Christian communities and groups are limited. Pressure on Uzbek Christians has increased many folds over the years is taken after the World Watch List of Uzbekistan No. 9. Amnesty International deplores the many folds restricted religious freedom, especially for non-commercial operation, groups like the Christian evangelical churches and Shiite Muslims. Ramadan is practiced by probably 36% of Muslims in the cities and 85% in rural areas. Popular Islam in Central Asia can be found to this day influences from two other religions, Zoroastrianism monothestischen, built between 1800 BC and 600 BC, probably in Bactria, and Buddhism. Are also common elements of shamanism and folk forms of Muslim piety, as reflected for example in pearl necklaces and amulets, which are intended to prevent the so-called evil eye and are common in parts of the country.

Culture and Lifestyle of Uzbekistan
In contrast to the countries whole populations in neighbouring Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Turkmenistan, which are rooted in the nomadic life and were still long Islamized superficially, the region of present-day Uzbekistan was already during the middle Ages, a heartland of Islamic culture. Many of this was the sophisticated Persian culture influenced city. In particular, the old centres in today's central region, Bukhara and Samarkand, have an extraordinary cultural history. They brought forth many important philosophers, scientists and theologians.

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