Vanuatu: The OverviewVanuatu is an independent sovereign and small island country in the heart South Pacific. The logo consisting of 79 islands or island groups in 1981 went out of the state since 1906, existing British-French Condominium of New Hebrides and now has just over 243 000 inhabitants. The island of Vanuatu region extends over 1,300 km of the heart of South Pacific and is one of Melanesia. The state includes 83 islands (of which 67 inhabited islands), mostly of volcanic origin in, which include mainly the archipelago of New Hebrides. Furthermore, the Banks and the Torres islands belong to Vanuatu geopolitically. Noteworthy is the active volcano Mount Yasur volcano on Tanna Island and Lombenben on the island of Ambae, in November 2005 showed activity. Again and again earthquakes shake the islands, including 1999 and 2002. The latter of it was taught in the capital Port Vila considerable damage. Two earthquakes were followed by a tsunami.
History of Vanuatu
Almost all of the islands of Vanuatu have been captured for millennia. The oldest finds date back to 2000 BC. The Portuguese navigator Pedro Fernandez de Quirós reached on the 3rd May 1606 Espiritu Santo. In faith, we have found the "lost" southern continent, he named the small extreme island after the Holy Spirit Terra Australis del Espiritu Santo, and they took each and everything to the extremes of South Pole lying land in the name of the Spanish king and the Catholic Church in possession. 1759 Louis Antoine de Bougainville sailed on the frigate La Boudeuse between Espiritu Santo and Malakula Quirós and thus refuted theory, if it were part of a southern continent. After the most famous and adventurous second trip of the British explorer James Cook in 1835, European settlers settled down on the islands. Since 1887 the islands were officially under British-French control. Frenchmen and Englishmen agreed in 1905 dedicated to the founding of the New Hebrides Condominium on the New Hebrides. On the basis of different lethal and various infectious diseases that were brought mainly by the European settlers into the country, the population fell to 45,000 residents by 1935.
Culture and Lifestyle of Vanuatu
1.4% of the population belongs to loyal of the Presbyterian Church, and 13.4% of the Anglican Church. 13.1% of the population are Roman Catholic, 10.8% are Seventh-day Adventists and 13.8% belong to another Christian denomination. There are many various indigenous beliefs, to which all but only 5.9% of the total population. The most important are cargo cults like the John Frum Movement and the Prince Philip Movement. A study of the ruling and dominating British New Economics Foundation (NEF) during 90's rated the happiness of the people of Vanuatu in the world at this level. Were examined satisfaction, life expectancy and the intellectual interaction with the environment?
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